Liu Ji Temple


           Located at the southern foot of Huagai Mountain in Nantian Town, Wencheng County, Zhejiang Province, Liu Ji Temple, also named Imperial Bonafide Temple, is one of the two core areas in Native Place of Liu Bowen Scenic Area. Built according to an imperial edict in the 2nd year of Tianshun period in Ming Dynasty (1458) with a land area of about 3,024 square meters, the temple is a seven-bay wooden architectural structure with cloister and courtyard. The main structure is four-rowed in depth, namely, front gate, secondary gate, main hall and Zhuiyuan Shrine. The main hall features column and tie-structured truss, gable and hip roof with double eaves, with hall height of more than 10m. The central hall contains the sitting statues of Liu Ji, together with his elder son Liu Lian and his second son Liu Jing. Outside the front gate there are two wooden memorial archways that read “royal preceptor” and “capable assistant to emperor”. In temple, there are horizontal inscribed boards and couplets hung on columns that pay tributes to the meritorious achievement of the ancestor by celebrities of various generations, including Liu Quanzhi, Zhang Taiyan, Cai Yuanpei and Lin Sen. The temple features quiet environment, magnificent appearance, antique style and solemn atmosphere. There are many cultural relics and historic sites around the temple, including Shrine of Xu Zhongyong built in Yuan Dynasty and ancient dwelling complex built in Ming and Qing Dynasty. In 2001, it was listed as a key cultural relic under national level protection.

           Liu Ji (1311-1375), courtesy name Bowen, was one of the founders of Ming Dynasty. He was conferred the title of “bonafide count”, appointed imperial tutor and given the posthumous name of Wencheng. Born in Wuyang Village of Nantian Town in Wencheng County, Liu Ji was comparable to Jiang Ziya in meritorious achievements, and comparable to Yi Yin in behave and enjoyed a same reputation as Zhuge Liang, who helped Liu Bei to divide China into three regimes, for his assistance to the emperor in uniting the country. Liu Ji was an outstanding politician, militarist and writer. He wrote many magnificent articles and poems, which were include in the volumes “On Civilized Governance” and “Anthology of Fuou”. “The Legend of Liu Bowen” and “Eulogy to Taigong” related to them have become national level intangible cultural heritage.